Unit 4 Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills
In this section we are serve some most important Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills and these questions based on following syllabus: Planning, Drafting and Editing, Precise Writing, Precis, Technical definition and Technical description. Report Writing: Features of writing a good Report, Structure of a Formal Report, Report of Trouble, Laboratory Report, Progress Report.
2 MARKS Questions
Q1: What is drafting?
Drafting is a formal document where the formulation of decisions & orders is done in writing form for communication to other. It is one of the important documents in business which plays very important role in day to day work. .
Q2: What is technical writing?
Technical writing is sometimes defined as simplifying the complex. It a form of documentation where processes are described, recorded & analyzed. It is written on the basis of complexity of the term or object. It does not deal with human emotions, sentiments or expressions
Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills
Q3: Define the term ‘definition’.
Definition is a full explanation of a term, process or object. It point outs the essential features which distinguishes it from other objects.
Q4: What do you mean by art of condensation?
Summarizing, condensation, or précis writing is an art. It aims at squeezing the meaning of a text into the fewest words. Condensation means process of making a book shorter by taking out anything that is not necessary. The process of condensation in creative writing is synonymous to précis writing.
4 MARKS Questions
Q5: What is précis writing? What are the features of a good précis?
A précis is a concise and clear statement of the substance of a longer passage in a connected and readable shape. It must be accurate, brief and clear and in writer’s own word. It is about one-third of the original. The main features of a good précis are:
- find out the central idea or the theme of the passage and separate the major points from the minor ones
- Precise is not reproducing a few sentences and deleting others. Precis writing is not the art of selection and deletion, it is the art of modify.
- Brevity is the soul of precis writing but not to be achieved at the cost of clarity.
- Precis has to be written, as far as possible, in your own words.
Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills
Q6: Write the difference between general writing and technical writing?
- The aim of General writing is to amusing & inspiring readers. it includes drama, novels, poetry etc. But technical writing aims at imparting knowledge, instructions, information & explanation of any technical object. It includes reports, proposals, resumes, manuals, etc.
- The style of General writings is personal and subjective but technical writings are free from personal style. It is “professional” in tone and style.
- More familiar and common words are used in general writing and technical writing is full of technical vocabulary.
- Technical writing is always for a specific audience but general writing is Not always for a specific audience
Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills
Q7: What are the characteristics features of an essay?
- An effective essay is well written and carefully edited in terms of grammar, punctuation, word usage, and spelling.
- A good essay is organized with an introduction, main body, and conclusion.
- To write a Good essay, the writer should write main points through careful discussion and by the use of specific details.
- General is boring; specific is interesting. A good essay includes specific details to support the writer’s explanations
Q8: Define the terms Summary , abstract
Summary- An overview of content that provides a reader with the overarching theme, but does not expand on specific details. A summary describes a larger work (such as an entire book, speech, or research project), and should include noticeably less content then the original work. Summaries can save a reader time because it prevents the reader from having to actually go through and filter the important information from the unimportant.
Abstract – An abstract is a brief summary of the most important points in a scientific paper. It is shorter than summary which highlight the principle, scope and implication of the work. After reading the abstract, the reader knows the main points that the authors have to make. If you examine any paper in a professional journal you will see that each paper begins with an abstract. An abstract is published along with research articles in journals or magazines. It is a highly compressed description of the paper itself.
Q9: Give definition of following- Bluetooth, 4G.
Bluetooth is defined as being a short-range radio technology (or wireless technology) aimed at simplifying communications among Internet devices and between devices and the Internet. It also aims to simplify data synchronization between Internet devices and other computers. It describes how mobile phones, computers, and personal digital assistants (PDAs) can be easily interconnected using a short-range wireless connection.
4G is the term used to refer to the next wave of high-speed mobile technologies that will be used to replace current 3G networks. The two top contenders are LTE and WiMAX, both of which are IP based networks that are built from similar, yet incompatible, technologies. Sprint and Clear wire are currently offering 4G WiMAX service in the USA, while Verizon and AT&T have committed to the use of LTE and are trailing their own 4G networks. Also known as: “fourth generation”
Q10: What is a paragraph? Discuss qualities of well written paragraph.
A paragraph is a group of sentences organized around one single idea or topic. It is the Collection & comprised of sentences, but not random sentences, dealing with the central topic. It must contain relevant facts & information about the topic. In fact, the cardinal rule of paragraph writing is to focus on one idea. A well written paragraph takes its readers on a clear path, without deviation.
The four elements essential to good paragraph writing are:
- Unity. A paragraph begins with the topic sentence. Every paragraph must have one single idea that is expressed in its topic sentence. A paragraph is integrated around this main idea, with the supporting sentences which providing detail and discussion.
- Order. Order refers to the way you organize your supporting sentences. Whether you choose chronological order, order of importance, or another logical presentation of detail, a solid paragraph always has a definite organization. In a well-ordered paragraph, the reader follows along easily, aided by the pattern you’ve established. Order helps the reader grasp your meaning and avoid confusion.
- Coherence. Coherence is the quality that makes your writing understandable. Sentences within a paragraph need to connect to each other and work together as a whole. One of the best ways to achieve coherency is to use transition words. These words create bridges from one sentence to the next.
- Completeness. Completeness in a paragraph shows when it contents all information which reader needs. If every sentence in a paragraph clearly and sufficiently supports the main idea, then the paragraph is called
- Write a paragraph on any one: – Health is wealth or Pollution
Health is wealth
To earn wealth one needs to have good health to work with efficiency. The man who is not having a good health spends lot of money on medicines and doctors. He is never cheerful. But we have to take precautions for building up a good health. Healthy body is always dependent on the healthy mind. For maintaining good health we should always be away from the bad habits like smoking, drinking and drug addiction. We should have morning walk regularly, light exercise in fresh air and a stroll after dinner. We should not be jealous of others. We should always take balanced and nutritious diet. One should always develop the habits of cleanliness to keep healthy. There is a very common and true saying that Health is Wealth. We should always keep in mind that wealth is wealth however health is the greatest wealth in this world. We should also motivate our kids and children to know something about this common saying using such as simple and easy essays. You can make your kids aware about their health using such simply worded essays.
When something is added to the environment that is harmful or poisonous to living things. The term ‘pollution’ has gained a wider significance in recent years. Pollution refers to the release of chemical or substances into the environment that is injurious for human, animal and plant life. The water, air, noise and other forms of pollution in one terminology is known as the pollution of the eco-system. Smoke or dust in the air is a type of pollution as it is bad for the lungs when breathed in. Sewage in drinking water is another type of pollution, as it can make people ill because it contains germs and viruses. People living next to a building site where there is too much noise can become sick as they cannot sleep. Pollution is nothing but “too much of something at wrong place” and environmental pollution is generally defined as the unfavourable alternations of our surroundings through the various actions of man himself. The undesirable and excessive substances that are released As., the by-products of man’s actions, can affect air, water and land and adversely and alter the natural quality of our environment. Substances that are responsible for the alternations of environment are called pollutants and the total chain of actions as “environmental pollution”. Hence it is nobody else than man himself is the real cause of environmental pollution. Environmental pollution can be well understood if we study its sources and effects. There are pollutions of air, water, soil, noise and radioactive wastes. The study of each type will give the real picture.
12. Write a technical description on any one— MOBILE PHONE or Mini-drafter
A mobile phone (also known as a wireless phone or cellular phone) is a short-range, electronic device used for mobile voice or data communication over a network of specialized base stations known as cell sites.
Mobile phones often have features beyond sending text messages and making voice calls, including Internet browsing, music (MP3) playback, memo recording, personal organiser functions, e-mail, instant messaging, built-in cameras and camcorders, ringtones, games, radio, Push-to-Talk (PTT), infrared and Bluetooth connectivity, call registers, ability to watch streaming video or download video for later viewing, video calling and serve as a wireless modem for a PC, and a console of sorts to online games and other high quality games.
Work Process Of Mobile Phone –
Mobile phones send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas. These sites are usually mounted on a tower, pole or building, located throughout populated areas, then connected to a cabled communication network and switching system. The phones have a low-power transceiver that transmits voice and data to the nearest cell sites, normally not more than 8 to 13 km (approximately 5 to 8 miles) away.
Components and Their Function-
Today, we have displays of different sizes and compositions, each one claiming to be better than the other. Associated Terms: AMOLED, LCD, Super LCD, Retina, PPI, ClearBlack. What you need to know: Bigger displays might look better but also drain battery life
The processor is the engine that drives your phone. As phones become more powerful, processors are getting into dual core and quad core territory. Associated Terms/ Figures: Dual Core, Quad Core, 800 MHz, 1/1.2/1.5GHz, Snapdragon, Tegra, Intel, Qualcomm.
The RAM allows the phone to run multiple applications simultaneously and do various tasks in the background. Associated Terms/ Figures: 256 MB, 512 MB, 768 MB, 1 GB.
Once considered a luxury in smartphones, the camera is now an integral part of smartphones. Associated terms: 3.2/5/8/12/41 Megapixels, Auto Focus, Shooting Modes, HD video, LED/Xenon flash
Mobile phones generally obtain power from batteries, which can be recharged from a USB port, from portable batteries, from mains power or a cigarette lighter socket in a car using an adapter (often called battery charger or wall wart) or from a solar panel or a dynamo (that can also use a USB port to plug the phone).The battery (with a capacity expressed in mAh or milli ampere hour) determines how long your phone keeps working on a single charge. As phones get bigger, so do their batteries. Associated terms: Li-ion, mAh, removable, non-removable.
There are various wired and wireless technologies embedded today on mobile devices to connect them with other phones, tablets, televisions or various accessories. Associated terms/figures : USB On-The-Go, HDMI, Bluetooth 2.0/2.1/3.0, Wi-Fi.
Mobile Internet Connectivity
Phones are no longer used to just make calls and swap texts. Almost every Smartphone now comes with some sort of Internet connectivity via the operator’s data services. Associated terms: HSPA, HSDPA, 3G, 3.5G, 4G, GPRS/EDGE.
In addition to the battery, GSM cellphones require a small microchip, called a Subscriber Identity Module or SIM Card, to function. Approximately the size of a small postage stamp, the SIM Card is usually placed underneath the battery in the rear of the unit, and (when properly activated) stores the phone’s configuration data, and information about the phone itself, such as which calling plan the subscriber is using. When the subscriber removes the SIM Card, it can be re-inserted into another phone and used as normal.
- Write an essay on any one of the following:
1 Future of Technology 2.Global Warming
Future of Technology
It is very difficult to say for sure whether the world will be a better or worse place because one part will change for the better, while another part will be worse. In the technology, everything has a different type. Many new machines have been invented. We can finish every work by “one touch”; we just hold a small remote, and it will order everything. We use the Internet to connect everything. Telephone, it’s too inconvenient. We can’t talk to people who live a long distance from our house, even in the same town. If we don’t have a TV or radio, we can’t get exact information about the world. If we don’t have a car or airplane we can’t go too far. Fuel is an important product to use for technology. The most famous fuel is oil. Oil can be changed into gasoline and oil gas. Oil is used in most vehicles and for heating. However, the oil is said to be able to last only this century. Therefore, we have to harvest the oil and need to look for some new fuel instead of the oil. Next is electricity which is one of the important power sources for using technology. Electricity is made in many ways. For example, it can be made by using natural power sources like water, wind, and sunlight. I think these ways don’t bring us harm. However, other ways of making electricity can bring harm. I mean thermal power generation and nuclear power generation. These powerhouses can kill many people and the environment and animals if there is an accident. However, it can make much electricity more easily. Those things will help people more efficiently. This world is full of the benefits of technology. Therefore, we are sometimes depending on technology too much.. On the other hand, when we get so many new things in our life that will cause some problems in life. Maybe people will feel strange around other people, because we will hardly talk to one another. We have known all of the answers by modern machines.. Therefore, we have to keep company with technology in a good way to save the environment, many creatures, and, of course, the earth itself.
Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills
One of the biggest problems facing the world today is global warming. Many scientists believe that our production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases is having a heating effect on the atmosphere, and this could be very dangerous for human life. Global Warming means gradual increase in world’s temperature caused by greenhouse gases. The impact of global warming can be seen in sea level, crops, rainfall, and human health. Global warming is the increase of world’s average temperature, mainly in the sector of atmosphere, seas and the land on Earth. Many problems could result from global warming. One of the biggest problems is raising sea level. This could result in the flooding of low lying coastal areas and cities, such as Egypt, the Netherlands, and Bangladesh. Some countries might even disappear completely! Another problem caused by global warming is changes in weather patterns. Many areas of the world are experiencing increased hurricanes, floods, and other unusual weather. A third problem associated with global warming is the effect on animals. Fish populations could be affected, while some insects which spread disease might become more common. There are several things we can do to solve the problem of global warming. One solution is to stop producing C02. We can do this by switching from oil, coal and gas to renewable energy. Another solution is to plant more trees. Trees absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen, which is not a greenhouse gas. A third solution is to use less energy and to recycle more products. Generating electricity is one of the main sources of carbon dioxide. If we use less electricity, we will produce less C02. In conclusion, if we make small changes now in the way we live, we can avoid huge changes in the future. Scientists, governments and individuals must work together to overcome this threat. Someone has got to do something and not just keep inventing new technology or fancy factories because what we need now is not something that can make life easier but something that can decrease the temperature…