First Aid for Burns
• FIRST DEGREE: Flush with cool running water, Apply moist dressings and bandage loosely.
• SECOND DEGREE: Apply dry dressings and bandage loosely Do not use water as it may increase risk of shock.
• THIRD DEGREE: Same treatment as second degree.
ALL VICTIMS OF SERIOUS BURNS
SHOULD SEEK PROFESSIONAL HELP QUICKLY!
CHEMICALS may also cause Burns. In these cases, it is important to remove clothing on which chemicals have spilled and flush the affected area with copious amounts of water for 15 to 30 minutes.
2.7 Eye Injuries
Be extremely careful and gentle when treating eye injuries.
Floating objects in the eye that can be visualized may be flushed from the eye with water. If it cannot remove the object in this manner, the victim should seek medical attention.
NEVER ATTEMPT TO REMOVE OBJECTS EMBEDDED IN THE EYE!
First Aid care for these injuries comprises bandaging BOTH eyes and seeking professional care promptly! An inverted paper cup covered with a bandage is appropriate for serious eye injuries while the victim is transported to the hospital.
For chemical burns of the eye, wash the eye with copious amounts of water for 15 to 30 minutes. Then wrap a bandage around both eyes and seek professional help.
Eyes are delicate and sight is precious! Prompt professional attention to eye injuries is required to preserve sight!
2.8 Nose Injuries
A severe nosebleed can be most frightening. It can also lead to shock if enough blood is lost! Many cases of nosebleed can be controlled simply by having the victim sit down, pinch the nostrils shut and lean forward (to prevent blood from running into the throat).
Once the bleeding has been stopped, talking, walking, and blowing the nose may disturb blood clots and allow the bleeding to resume. The victim should rest quietly until it appears the bleeding remains stopped.
If it is suspected that the victim has suffered head, neck, or back injuries, DO NOT control the blood flow as they may cause increased pressure on injured tissue. All uncontrolled nosebleeds require prompt medical attention!
2.9 Animal Bites
ANIMAL BITES CARRY A HIGH RISK OF INFECTION
AND REQUIRE PROFESSIONAL ATTENTION PROMPTLY!
Infection may develop hours, or days, after an animal bite. Signs and symptoms of infection are pain & tenderness at the wound site, redness, heat, swelling, pus at the wound site, red streaks in the skin around the wound and possible swollen glands closest to the wound.
First aid care for animal bites includes washing the wound well with soap and water, if there is no heavy bleeding. Then cover the wound and seek professional attention. A serious wound should be cleaned only by trained medical personnel.