There are three major approaches we can use to manage stress:
• Action-oriented: In which we seek to confront the problem causing the stress, changing the environment or the situation.
• Emotionally oriented: In which we do not have the power to change the situation, but we can manage stress by changing our interpretation of the situation and the way we feel about it; and
• Acceptance-oriented: Where something has happened over which we have no power and no emotional control, and where our focus is on surviving the stress.
Stress management involves the effort of a person in making emotional and physical changes. Stress and the desire to make the changes will determine the level of change that will take place.
The attitude of an individual can influence whether a situation or emotion is stressful or not. A person with a negative attitude will often perceive many situations as being stressful. A negative attitude is the predictor of stress because this type of person is more affected by stress than a person with a more positive attitude.
If the nutritional status of the person is poor, the body is stressed, and the person is not able to cope well in a stressful situation. As a result, the person can be more susceptible to infections. A poor nutritional state can be related to unhealthy food choices, inadequate food intake, or an erratic eating schedule. A nutritionally unbalanced eating pattern can result in an inadequate intake of nutrients.
Inadequate physical activity can result in a stressful state for the body. Physical activity has both physiological and psychological benefits. A consistent program of physical activity can contribute to a decrease in depression if it exists. It also improves the feeling of well-being.
A minimal or total lack of mutually supportive friendships/relationships due to family problems or other social problems, in general, can cause stress. Social situations can be beyond the coping ability of a stressed person.
When a person has no hobbies or means of relaxation, he may not handle stressful situations because the individual has no outlet for stress.
Warnings & Consequences of Physical Signs of Excess Stress:
Physical warning physical consequences
Warning and consequences of Mental signs of Excess Stress
Mental warning Mental consequences
Lack of concentration
Loss of memory
Quick to cry
Quick to anger
Excessive worry Loss of self-confidence
Total mental breakdown