1 >>The purpose of the endocrine system is to: ?
- (A) deliver nutrients to the body’s cells.
- (B) regulate and integrate the body’s metabolic activities.
- (C) eliminate waste products from the body.
- (D) stimulate secondary sex characteristics.
2 >>The nurse draws blood from the heel of an infant for a Guthrie screening test. This test is used to diagnose which inborn error of metabolism? ?
- (A) Absence of GALT
- (B) PKU
- (C) Galactosemia
- (D) Hypothyroidism
3 >>The gland that produces glucagon is the: ?
- (A) pancreas.
- (B) thymus.
- (C) adrenal.
- (D) pituitary.
4 >>An infant with congenital hypothyroidism shows which sign or symptom? ?
- (A) Shrill cry
- (B) Diaphoresis
- (C) Hypothermia
- (D) Diarrhea
5 >>Which food shouldn’t be eaten by a child with galactosemia? ?
- (A) Instant potatoes
- (B) Chicken
- (C) Whole wheat bread
- (D) Apples
6 >>The main function of platelets is to: ?
- (A) provide oxygen to tissue.
- (B) fight viral infections and provide immunity.
- (C) fight bacterial infections.
- (D) form a blood clot.
7 >>Which type of cell induces cell-mediated immunity? ?
- (A) T lymphocytes
- (B) Monocytes
- (C) Reticulocytes
- (D) B lymphocytes
8 >>What causes ALL? ?
- (A) RBCs are defective and can’t fight infection.
- (B) Bone marrow stem cells are defective and produce ineffective blast cells.
- (C) WBCs mature into only one cell line and fight only one type of infection.
- (D) Platelets can’t form clots, leading to severe hemorrhaging.
9 >>An example of a type I hypersensitivity reaction is: ?
- (A) anaphylaxis.
- (B) transfusion reaction.
- (C) autoimmune disorder.
- (D) GVHD.
10 >>Which statement about the integumentary system and its components is true? ?
- (A) It’s the largest organ in the body and serves primarily as an insulator.
- (B) It can only protect the body from trauma that’s mechanical in nature.
- (C) It consists of just the dermis and epidermis.
- (D) Its main function is to act as an organ of excretion.
11 >>The glands that are primarily responsible for the odor associated with sweating are known as the: ?
- (A) endocrine sweat glands.
- (B) eccrine sweat glands.
- (C) cutaneous sweat glands.
- (D) apocrine sweat glands.
12 >>The proportion of a child’s body that’s burned is typically estimated according to: ?
- (A) Rule of Nines.
- (B) TBSA.
- (C) depth of injury.
- (D) three-dimensional analysis.
13 >>When assessing a child with a rash consistent with irritant dermatitis, which question should the nurse ask? ?
- (A) “Has your child been playing with children who may have chickenpox?”
- (B) “Has your child been ill lately?”
- (C) “Has your child been exposed to new or unusual substance?”
- (D) “Has your child visited mountainous regions?”
14 >>Pruritus caused by contact dermatitis can usually be treated at home with: ?
- (A) oatmeal or Aveeno baths.
- (B) soothing scented bath oils.
- (C) ice and heat alternately.
- (D) patch skin applications.
15 >>Which of the following is true about scabies? ?
- (A) Tzanck testing is done immediately to confirm the scabies mite.
- (B) Infants usually have very few lesions on their bodies.
- (C) Characteristic lesions are raised grayish brown linear burrows.
- (D) Inspection of scabies reveals characteristic grayish brown burrows, which may appear as erythematous nodules when excoriated.
16 >>What are the functions of the integumentary system? Select all that apply. ?
- (A) Temperature regulation
- (B) Vitamin synthesis
- (C) Protective barrier
- (D) All of the above
17 >>What type of skin lesion is commonly observed in a child with second-degree burns? ?
- (A) Vesicle
- (B) Bulla
- (C) Macule
- (D) Wheal
18 >>Classification of acne is based on: ?
- (A) the amount of scarring involved.
- (B) the type of hormone involvement.
- (C) the type of lesions observed.
- (D) the presence of scarring.
19 >>Patient teaching for the adolescent who has acne should include which of the following? Select all that apply. ?
- (A) Getting adequate rest and hydration
- (B) Scrubbing using an alcohol-based cleanser
- (C) Resist squeezing blemishes
- (D) Getting adequate rest and hydration and Resist squeezing blemishes
20 >>For the adolescent who has been diagnosed with acne, which of the following is true? ?
- (A) Poor hygiene often leads to developing acne.
- (B) Acne causes clinical depression.
- (C) Acne affects males more severely than females.
- (D) Acne can be aggravated by ingesting chocolate.