Multiple Choice Questions on Medical-surgical Nursing | Objective Questions | Medical-surgical Nursing Quiz | MCQ
1 >>What is balanced anesthesia? ?
- (A) Medication that enhances certain reflexes and provides good muscle tone
- (B) The use of opioid analgesic medication preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively
- (C) A combination of opioid analgesics, sedative-hypnotics, nitrous oxide, and muscle relaxants
- (D) The use of both local and general anesthesia
2 >>In teaching about pain management, a nurse-educator should discuss: ?
- (A) the need to use pain medication only when absolutely necessary.
- (B) that pain medication will be ordered and given according to the patient’s needs.
- (C) how the method of pain medication administration can’t be altered after surgery.
- (D) the need to limit narcotics to avoid addiction.
3 >>What is the purpose of a thorough preoperative assessment? ?
- (A) To identify and correct problems before surgery and establish a baseline for postoperative comparison
- (B) To save time doing an assessment after the patient returns from surgery
- (C) To save the practitioner time before the procedure begins
- (D) To ensure that postoperative complications don’t occur
4 >>Extravasation of I.V. fluid is associated with administration of which solution? ?
- (A) Hypertonic fluid
- (B) D5W
- (C) An antineoplastic
- (D) Normal saline solution
5 >>Hypertonic solutions cause fluids to move from the: ?
- (A) interstitial space to the intracellular space.
- (B) intracellular space to the extracellular space.
- (C) extracellular space to the intracellular space.
- (D) extracellular space to the interstitial space.
6 >>The main extracellular cation is: ?
- (A) calcium.
- (B) potassium.
- (C) magnesium.
- (D) sodium.
7 >>When a person’s blood pressure drops, the kidneys respond by: ?
- (A) secreting renin.
- (B) producing aldosterone.
- (C) slowing the release of ADH.
- (D) increasing urine output.
8 >>Hydrostatic pressure, which pushes fluid out of the capillaries, is opposed by colloid osmotic pressure, which involves: ?
- (A) reduced renin secretion.
- (B) the pulling power of albumin to reabsorb water.
- (C) an increase in ADH secretion.
- (D) aldosterone production.
Objective Questions | Medical-surgical Nursing Quiz
9 >>Expected outcomes are defined as: ?
- (A) goals the patient should reach as a result of planned nursing interventions.
- (B) what the patient and his family ask you to accomplish.
- (C) goals a little higher than what the patient can realistically reach to help motivate him.
- (D) goals set by the medical team for each patient.
10 >>When palpating the abdomen, begin by palpating: ?
- (A) lightly.
- (B) firmly.
- (C) deeply.
- (D) the most tender area.
11 >>The first technique in your physical assessment sequence is: ?
- (A) palpation.
- (B) auscultation.
- (C) inspection.
- (D) percussion.
12 >>When obtaining a health history from a patient, ask first about: ?
- (A) biographic data.
- (B) his chief complaint.
- (C) health insurance coverage.
- (D) family history.
13 >>The effect of illness on a family unit depends on several factors, i ncluding: ?
- (A) when the illness occurs.
- (B) which family member is affected.
- (C) whether the illness is due to poor health habits.
- (D) at what point the patient sought care.
14 >>Which action is an example of health promotion? ?
- (A) Administering antibiotics to a patient
- (B) Inserting an I.V. catheter
- (C) Assisting a patient in smoking cessation
- (D) Non of the above
15 >>A nurse who is preparing to delegate: ?
- (A) can delegate a task to whomever she chooses.
- (B) can delegate whichever task she chooses.
- (C) has no responsibility for follow-up.
- (D) makes sure the person to whom she delegates has the legal authority to perform the task.
16 >>Which trait isn’t a characteristic of a critical thinker? ?
- (A) Relying on tradition
- (B) Creativity
- (C) Open-mindedness
- (D) Desire for truth
Objective Questions | Medical-surgical Nursing Quiz
17 >>Denise is recovering from an open cholesystectomy. You know that because of the location of the surgery, she has an increased chance of postoperative: ?
- (A) myocardial infarction.
- (B) respiratory complications.
- (C) deep vein thrombosis.
- (D) wound infection.
18 >>You are caring for a patient with an infected wound. You would expect: ?
- (A) to prepare for sutures to close the wound.
- (B) to use steri-strips to hold the edges together.
- (C) to leave the wound open.
- (D) to cover the wound with a loose, fluffy dressing.
19 >>Patient teaching for risk reduction of skin cancer should include: ?
- (A) Having suspicious moles checked by a dermatologist.
- (B) Daily sun exposure every one-half hour.
- (C) Daily sun exposure of 1 hour to build tolerance.
- (D) Applying moisturizer.
20 >>Mandy is a 17-year-old female. On physical examination you note partial erosion of her tooth enamel and callus formation on the posterior aspect of the knuckles of her hand. This is indicative of: ?
- (A) a connective tissue disorder; she should be referred to dermatology.
- (B) self-induced vomiting; she likely has bulimia nervosa.
- (C) self-mutilation; this correlates with anxiety.
- (D) a genetic disorder; her siblings should also be tested.