1 >>Nurses’ major responsibility with interventional radiologyis related to ?
- (A) Assisting the radiologists in preparing the client forthe procedure.
- (B) Managing procedural sedation, monitoring, andpostprocedure recovery.
- (C) Monitoring vital signs during the procedure.
- (D) Providing client education about the procedure.
2 >>Dynamic CT scanning is best defined as ?
- (A) Visualizes blood flow and degree of vascularity oforgans via dye injection to specific organs.
- (B) Using sound waves produced by ultrasound todifferentiate normal from diseased tissue.
- (C) Observation of internal body organs and cavities byintroducing the endoscope and then obtaining scansof the organs or cavities.
- (D) A and B
3 >>Which one of the following preparations would not beincluded in the procedure for x-ray studies? ?
- (A) Determine, if several studies are ordered, which oneneeds to be completed first.
- (B) Ensure informed consent form is signed.
- (C) Inform the client there is no restriction to food orfluid necessary before the tests.
- (D) Determine need for withholding medications beforethe x-ray.
4 >>What are the client instructions when undergoing anintravenous pyelography (IVP)?Select all that apply. ?
- (A) “Do you have any allergies to shellfish or iodine?”
- (B) “Dye injection material can cause nausea, shortness ofbreath, and a hot, flushed feeling.”
- (C) “Drink at least 24 ounces of water immediately afterthe IVP.”
- (D) ABC
5 >>Which of the following baseline lab values need to beobtained before an arteriography? ?
- (A) Hemoglobin and hematocrit.
- (B) WBC, RBC, SGOT, SGPT.
- (C) BUN, creatinine, PT/PTT, APTT.
- (D) MVP, platelets, blood smear.
6 >>You are obtaining a history before scheduling theclient for a bone scan. The most important questionto ask is ?
- (A) “Have you had a barium study done in the last10 days?”
- (B) “You have had a bone scan before; do you have anyquestions?”
- (C) “Do you suffer from claustrophobia?”
- (D) “Do you have someone who can take you home afterthe test?”
7 >>Printed instructions frequently provided a clientscheduled for a mammogram include ?
- (A) Remain NPO for at least 6 hr before the test.
- (B) Refrain from wearing deodorant.
- (C) Remove jewelry from neck and wrists.
- (D) Wear easy to remove clothing as it must all be removed.
8 >>As you observe the catheter insertion site after a cardiaccatheterization, which of the following interventionswould be considered a priority to implement? ?
- (A) Apply a pressure dressing over the site.
- (B) Call lab to order a CBC, HGB, and HCT.
- (C) Elevate the extremity.
- (D) Monitor peripheral pulses.
9 >>A major reason why PET scans are used in place of theCT scan or MRI is ?
- (A) It is not necessary to have an IV or dye injection forthe PET scan.
- (B) Metabolic changes, which are visualized on the PETscan, occur before structural changes.
- (C) It takes only a few minutes for a PET scan, whereas itcan take up to 75 minutes for an MRI.
- (D) Foods or fluids do not need to be restricted with thePET scan.
10 >>A client is very fearful and asks you about the arthroscopyhe is scheduled to have in the afternoon. Which of thefollowing responses would be most appropriate? ?
- (A) “You will receive general anesthesia, not localanesthesia, so you will not experience any pain.”
- (B) “The procedure will take about 2 to 3 hours.”
- (C) “The incision will probably be under the knee capand you will have sutures to hold the tissue inplace.”
- (D) “You will most likely be able to ambulate withcrutches the same day
11 >>The amount of urine production is directly related to ?
- (A) Renal perfusion.
- (B) Fluid intake.
- (C) Bladder capacity.
- (D) Metabolic rate.
12 >>A scanner is useful to reflect the client’s bladdervolume but is not reliable for assessing.Select all that apply. ?
- (A) Obese clients.
- (B) Catheterized clients.
- (C) Clients with hysterectomy.
- (D) B and C
13 >>For male catheterization, the catheter is inserted ?
- (A) 2-4 in.
- (B) 4-6 in.
- (C) 6-8 in.
- (D) 8-10 in.
14 >>For female catheterization, the catheter is inserted ?
- (A) 1 in.
- (B) 2 in.
- (C) 3 in.
- (D) 4 in.
15 >>Urine leakage in the client with a urinary retentioncatheter indicates ?
- (A) The need for a larger size catheter.
- (B) An additional 10 mL of water should be added to theretention balloon.
- (C) A possible urinary tract infection.
- (D) The client is now able to urinate normally.
16 >>Common causes of urinary tract infection associated withretention catheters areSelect all that apply. ?
- (A) Long-term use.
- (B) Inadequate catheter stabilization.
- (C) Drainage tubing dependent of collection bag.
- (D) all the above
17 >>The purpose of continuous bladder irrigation (CBI) afterprostate surgery is to prevent ?
- (A) Catheter obstruction.
- (B) Bladder infection.
- (C) Bladder spasms.
- (D) Postoperative bleeding.
18 >>When applying a urinary diversion pouch, a protectivebarrier product should be used ?
- (A) Only if absolutely necessary.
- (B) For the client with sensitive skin.
- (C) To ensure pouch adherence.
- (D) Only with a two-piece pouch.
19 >>A client with end-stage renal disease ?
- (A) Has no functioning nephrons.
- (B) Receives renal replacement therapy.
- (C) Produces no urine.
- (D) Is uremic.
20 >>The nurse avoids taking blood pressure or performingvenipuncture in the arm with a graft/fistula used forhemodialysis because ?
- (A) Phlebitis and blood clot may occur.
- (B) There is increased risk for infection.
- (C) Undue pressure can cause graft/fistula rupture.
- (D) There is insufficient blood flow in the extremity.