Preposition in English Grammar


PREPOSITION in English Grammar

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CORRECT USE OF CERTAIN PREPOSITIONS

IN:          Used with period of time,  at the end of a future,             point in time, with big place.

at the end of time: In two months time, in 1985, in           January, in the morning,

in good time, in Indore.

not exact time: I was in time for class.

The book is in the box.

The Girl is holding telescope in her hand

Preposition in English Grammar

INTO: used for Motion

Rohit is looking into the mailbox.

The teacher is pouring the sand into the timer.

AT:         Used with point of time,               with a small area

names of festivals: at Christmas, At three o’clock, at       this moment, at seventeen.

ON:        Used for both position and movement,

with exact time, with dates and days.

She was sitting on the wall.

The 9.30 train started on time.

They will come on Monday.

ON and AT:

The pen is on the box.

The man is sitting at the table.

The woman is looking at the clock on the wall.

BY:         Used to denote when an action will be finished,

in passive voice, with persons.

The story was written by me.

most often used with future tense:

He will probably arrive by six o’clock.

WITH:   Used with instruments

You can’t open the front door with out the key.

anything this is carried.

Cut with a knife,

a lady with a black handbag.

SINCE: Used with a point of time,

in the perfect tense,

as an adverb and conjunction.

I have lived here since 1952.

Vishal left school in 1989, I haven’t seen him since.          (Adverb)

Rajnee has worked for us ever since she left school.       (Conjunctions)

Preposition in English Grammar

FROM: Used with starting point of time that is unknown

Hindu religion has been in exercise from time    immemorial.

in the past and to denote place.

Usually followed by to, till or until.

ONTO: denotes movement involving a change of level

The child climbed onto his roofs.

We lifted her onto the table.

WITHIN: Used before the end of a specific period of time.

We will return within two day.

UPON: Used for motion/to denote movement involving a           change of level

The cat jumped upon the rat.

BELOW: Used to denote lower level in position,

status and expectation.

It is below my dignity to talk to her.

We could see the valley below us.

ABOVE: Used to mean higher than

The helicopter hovered above us.

He saw the mountains towering above him.

OVER: Used to convey many things.

At noon the sun is over our heads. (Above)

She cannot get over her disappointment. (Beyond)

Our parents over all bless us. (Superior)

It is all over with him. (Conclusion)

BENEATH: denotes under, physically or figuratively.

They rested beneath the tree.

 

BESIDE: Used for something that is near or next.

                                We camped beside a lake.

He sat beside his mother.

BESIDES: Used to mean in addition, as well as.

We speak Hindi besides English.

AFTER: Used to denote end of time in the past

She returned the book after three week.

FOR: Used to show period of time, beneficiary.

She has worked here for five years.

My brother bought a gift for me.

OF: Used in fixed expressions with the sense of from,   belonging to

Die of, made of, ask of, expect of, John of Mumbai.

OFF:       Used to mean the surface of and also down from

Take the book off the table.

She fell off her horse.

DURING:              During is used with known periods of time.

During the middle ages, during the summer,  during        childhood, during this week.

ASSIGNMENT: Fill in the blanks suitable prepositions :

  1. The rod is ——— the cup.
  2. The toy is running  ———- the surface.
  3. The cat is sitting ——— the chair.
  4. The doll is standing ———- the wall.
  5. The toy is ______the bucket.
  6. The rat is _______the chair.
  7. The sun is hidden _______the clouds.
  8. Eatables are ________the fridge.
  9. The baby elephant is ______of
  10.     the mother elephant.
  11. The boy standing ______the trophy and the ball.

Preposition in English Grammar

 

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