Agreement of Subject or Verb in English Grammar


Agreement of Subject or Verb in English Grammar

FAQ:

  • What is agreement of subject and verb?
    What is correct subject verb agreement?
    What is the meaning of subject in English grammar?
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    What the subject and verb in a sentence have to do?
    What is a subject verb agreement examples?
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Agreement of Subject or Verb

A singular subject demands a singular verb

He speaks English with a strange accent.
She rushes to school in the morning

A plural subject demands a plural verb.

We speak English with a strange accent.
My friends play different games at school.

Indefinite pronouns such as everyone & everybody etc, feel plural to some writers, but they are always singular – and take a singular verb.

Everyone associated with the project is proud to be part of the effort.

Someone has to be responsible.

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Don’t be confused by phrases that come between the subject pronoun and its verb — phrases that may contain plural words.

Each of the project partners is responsible for writing a chapter summary.

The verb that accompanies pronouns such as all and some will be determined by whether the pronoun is referring to something that is COUNTABLE or not.

Some of the students in the cafeteria have voted already.

Some of the grain was ruined by the flood.

 

None is usually regarded as singular, but it can be used as a plural pronoun.

None of the representatives has indicated how he or she will vote. OR None of the representatives have indicated how they will vote.

With fractional expressions (fractions or decimal equivalents), the verb will be determined by what is being measured: is it COUNTABLE or not.

Two-fifths of the grain is ruined.

One-half of the students were convinced that there

would be no final exams this year.

Of all the returns we have counted so far,

fifty percent are in favor of the referendum.

A majority of the student body is in favor of asking the Dean to stay another year.

Phrases such as together with, along with, and as well as seem to join subjects, but they do not work the same as and: they are not conjunctions.

Some of the hay in the barn, as well as some major pieces of farm equipment, was ruined in the flood.

The major spending bill before Congress, together with some other bills that are awaiting action, is going to cost taxpayers plenty.

 

In formal writing, when either and neither appear as a subject alone (without their sidekicks or and nor), they are singular. This is true even though the subject seems to be two things.

Neither of these choices appears to be satisfactory.

The purchasing office will lend me a company car or compensate me for travel expenses. Either is fine with me.

 

When either and neither act as correlative conjunctions, the subject that is closer to the verb determines the number (singular or plural form) of the verb.

Either the teachers or the principal has to be responsible for the year-end festival.

Has either the President or his aides been in touch with you?

Neither the principal nor the teachers are at fault.

Not only the students, but also the teacher plans to be at the

Meeting.

When an expletive construction (there is, there are, here is, etc.) begins a sentence, the subject (which determines the number of the verb) comes after the verb.

There are several explanations for the Civil War.

We were looking down the street when —all of a sudden — here come Joe and his two brothers.

If the management team takes this attitude, there is very little latitude for negotiation.

Subjects joined by ‘and’ require a plural verb.

The White dog and the Red dog are two characters from the Adventures book.

Note:        But if the Article is mentioned once. the verb followed must be in Singular Number

The White and Red dog is the character from the Adventure book.

Note:        Sometimes two subject are regarded as representing one idea and then the verb is singular.

Work makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

Slow and steady wins the race.

 

Non count nouns take a singular verb:
money, air, happiness, vocabulary, homework,
Irregular plurals:
child, deer, fish, cattle, ox, man, woman, goose, ox, foot, tooth, sheep, mouse, louse, baby, potato, loaf, wife. crisis, criterion, medium, nucleus
Singular or plural:
some, any, a lot of, all, most, none
Always singular
much, a little, little, every, each
Always plural
both, few, many, several,
Nouns that are Always Plural
pajamas, trousers, scissors, slacks,
pants, jeans, glasses

Agreement of Subject or Verb in English Grammar

The subject and verb agree even when words come between them.

Maria usually comes to class on time.

My best friend from my high school years fits the description.

The verb in a relative clause agrees with the noun that the clause modifies.

The man who lives next door is my father.
Adjectives/nouns.
A four-year-old child.
a three-month vacation.

Three years is a long time.

Sixty dollars is too much to pay for that shirt.
Here, There, Word order -verb agrees with subject that comes after

Here are the items, I bought for you.

There is only one movie for children at this theater.
Nouns ending in –s that are singular: news, physics, measles, mathematics, economics, arthritis, diabetes, laryngitis, tuberculosis, tennis, athletics, linguistics, politics, statistics, gymnastics

Economics is very interesting

 

Collective nouns
can take either a singular or a plural verb.
When the singular is used, the focus is on the group as a whole.

When the plural is used, the focus is on the individual members of the group.

  • Community
  • Jury
  • Band
  • Committee
  • Team
  • audience
  • Faculty
  • Family
  • Police
  • Orchestra
  • Crowd
  • class

The jury has not yet reached a verdict.
The jury are coming out of the jury room now.

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