Category: Technical Articles


System Architecture AN-RAX OVERVIEW The C-DOT 256P AN-RAX has been designed by reconfiguring the basic building block used in higher capacity systems of the C-DOT DSS family. The system is highly modular, and flexible to the changing technology. The software Read more…


What do you mean by AN-RAX? Explain Specifications of AN-RAX. AN-RAX: The product AN-RAX is basically a Subscriber line concentrator, used for remoting. There are three levels of remoting, namely the first, second and third level, from the ‘Local Exchange’ (LE) Read more…


What are the Different Access Techniques? Different Access Techniques 1.0 INTRODUCTION Access Network, the network between local exchange and subscribers in the Telecom Network accounts for a major portion of resources  both in terms of capital and manpower. So far, the Read more…


What is the Fibre to the Home and Passive Optical Network? | FTTH and PON Fibre to the Home and Passive Optical Network (FTTH and PON): Optical access services as access systems have grown widespread in recent years. Today, fiber Read more…


Synchronisation and DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) Synchronisation: The role of synchronisation plan is to determine the distribution of synchronisation in a network and to select the level of clocks and facilities to be used to time the network. This Read more…


Multiservice Provisioning Platform (MSPP) & Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) Multiservice Provisioning Platform (MSPP): Multiservice Provisioning Platform (MSPP) is deployed in the boundary of Access and Metro core backbone. TEC has prepared two different platforms for catering to the needs of Read more…


What is Next Generation SDH (Synchronous digital hierarchy)? Next Generation SDH: Innovation, the lifeline to survival in the telecommunication market, has spurred the telecommunication industry to adopt NGSDH as the most economic and technologically feasible solution for transmitting voice & Read more…


Overview of Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy And of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH and SDH) With the introduction of PCM technology in the 1960s, communications networks were gradually converted to digital technology over the next few years. To cope with the demand Read more…


The Environment Effect on Optical Fiber | OFC Splicing THE ENVIRONMENT EFFECT There are however always small defects at the surface of the fiber, called microcracks. These cracks grew when water vapour is present and the fiber simultaneously is under Read more…


What is the Attenuation? How many types of Dispersion? How many types of Fiber Buffering Loose? What is the Tube Buffering? ATTENUATION : loss of optical power Attenuation is defined as the loss of optical power over a set distance, Read more…

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