Types of Layouts for Writing Business Letters

What are the different types of layouts for writing business letters?

Different types of layout for writing business letter :

Professional correspondence should have a clean, polished look, which is where proper business
letter format comes in. The overall style of the correspondence depends on the relationship between
us and the letterʹs recipient, and it can contain almost anything. They are as follows :
1. Full block style :

The full block style business letter layout is more popular than other business
letter templates, and given the option, it is the one most people prefer to use. Follow the
salutation or greeting with a comma or colon. Full block style business letters have a formal look,
however it can be used in any business situation.
2. Modified block style :

The modified block style business letter is the second‐most popular
layout. It has a clean, traditional look, with our companyʹs return address, the date, the closing,
and the signature line being started at the center point of the page. All other elements including
inside address, greeting, body, and enclosures notation are left justified, and paragraphs are
followed by either double or triple spacing. Modified block style business letters are less formal
than full block style letters. If we are corresponding with someone we already have a good
working relationship with, the modified block style letter is a good one to use.
3. Standard format :

The standard business letter has the same look as the block style business
letter, meaning that all lines are flush with the left margin. The greeting or salutation in a
standard format business letter is always followed by a colon. Standard format business letters
are quite formal. Because they include an optional subject line, they are ideal for situations in
which we need to create a formal response or communicate about an account number or case
number.


4. Open business letter :

The open format business letter looks almost exactly like the block format
business letter. There are two basic differences between the two layouts :
(i) There is no punctuation after the greeting or salutation.
(ii) There is no punctuation after the closing.

The open format business letter has a clean, formal look just as the block format letter does. It is suitable for all business communications.

5. Semi‐block business letter :

In the semi‐block format business letter, all text is aligned to the left margin. As in other business letter templates, each paragraph is separated by double or triple spacing. The main difference between this type of correspondence and others is that the first line of each paragraph is indented. The semi‐block format business letter is a little less formal than the block format letter and slightly more formal than the modified block format letter. It works well in almost all situations and is a good choice if we find ourself on the fence about which format to use.

6. Modified semi‐block business letter :

The modified semi‐block format business letter looks

almost identical to the modified block letter, with just one difference: The first line of each paragraph is indented. The modified semi‐block business letter is the least formal‐looking of ail business letters and is best for using when we know the recipient very well.

English MCQ

Need to Enrich Vocabulary during Communication

Why do we need to enrich vocabulary during communication?

Vocabulary is vital to communicating with others and understanding what one is reading. It appears
in every skill of language listening, speaking, reading and writing skill.

Many people realize that their vocabulary is limited so that they have difficulties in expressing their idea. Enriching vocabulary is very important for the students who learn English. That is why everybody who learns English should know the words.

A good vocabulary is essential for efficient, effective communication. Improving our vocabulary gives us credibility with our peers and confidence with our superiors in a business environment. A stronger vocabulary also makes it easier to communicate with your friends and family about matters both important and trivial. Improving your vocabulary takes time and effort, but you can do it on an incremental basis and see improvement almost immediately.

Building a better vocabulary of English language is one of the most important things to do. Adequate vocabulary is the basic need to manage almost all the aspects of everyday life efficiently, while by building educated vocabulary, one can gain confidence in speaking publicly.

A high vocabulary is highly needed in producing various pieces of communication successfully. A piece of writing that provides clear message and perception is an indicative of his or her vocabulary skills that have been acquired.

The enriching of vocabulary can support them in speaking when they are communicating to people can write and translate the meaning of words when they definite English. If they do not know the meaning of words, they will not be able to speak, write and translate anything English.

When we’re faced with a communication assignment, a good vocabulary is an indispensable toolbox. If we have several synonyms in our toolbox. We’ll be able to choose the best word for the job.

Work on building our vocabulary so that we can choose the stronger, more descriptive words in our communication. We may also want to vary our vocabulary depending on our audience.

There are several ways through which one can build vocabulary. One of the most important methods of improving vocabulary is to read different stuff constantly or increasing the amount of time that we spend in reading.

English MCQ

Noun and its types

Define noun and give its types along with suitable examples.

Definition : A noun is defined as a naming word. It is a word that is used to refer to the name of :

• a person (particular or referred to in common)

• a place (particular or general)
• a thing (referred to the same kind or class)
• a collection of a person or thing
• a nation
Examples : Anuradha is a talented girl who comes from Kolkata, which is often referred to as the city of joy.

The noun in the above sentence are :

Anuradha (a person), girl (a class of person), Kolkata (a particular place), city (a kind of place), joy (a kind of emotion).

Structure of noun classification :


Noun

Common Proper Collective Abstract Material

(i) Common Noun : Name given in common to a person or thing of the same kind or class.
Example : India is a great country.
(ii) Proper Noun : Name of some particular person or place written with a capital letter in the beginning.

Example : Jack is a stupid boy.

(iii) Collective Noun : Name of a number (or collection) of persons or thing taken together and spoken of as a whole.

Example : The committee comprises three members.
(iv) Abstract Noun : Name of quality by action or state considered apart from.
Example : Laughter is a good medicine ; so, you must laugh.
(v) Material Noun : It denotes a substance of which things are made.
Example : Cotton is used to make clothes.

CET

Technical descriptions and technical definitions in English Language

Write a detailed note on technical descriptions and technical definitions.

Technical description :

Technical description means the detailed discussion of the physical aspects of a thing. That means discussing thing like color, shape, size, weight, thickness, density, contents, materials of construction, and so on.

The descriptions are common element in technical writing ‐ just not quite in the same way that instructions are. Description appear more often as a sentence or two here, a paragraph there, or a whole section elsewhere. Certain kinds of technical writing feature description :

Instructions often require description to enable readers to visualize what they are doing and what they are working with.

If the thing one is describing is not likely to be familiar to most of his/her readers, consider adding some background before one plunge into the actual description.

The main part of oneʹs description is the discussion of each part of characteristics. One must divide the thing one is describing into parts, or characteristics or both.

If one is working for real estate and has to describe vacant plot for company files, one would probably describe it by its characteristic: its location, square footage, terrain, vegetation, access to utilizes, and so on.

Technical Definitions :

The word definition comes from the Latin original ʹdefineʹ (ʹdeʹ means down and ʺfinreʺ means to end which comes from ʹfinish’). The dictionary meaning of word as give in the Concise Oxford Dictionary is ʹexact description of the nature scope or meaning of something.’ When we use the words ʹexact meaningʹ itself means that in any definition there is no scope for elaborating the thing to state its meaning very precisely. One thing is common in definition and that is they are precise, exact and to the point. They are elaborate and do not contain unnecessary words. Framing definitions requires thinking and proper attention to every aspects of the concept.

Caution : Caution is an instruction to the user to avoid mishandling and carelessness. It is more serious in nature and needs to be followed very scrupulously.

Example : While using mixture‐grinder one should not put hand inside the pot while machine is on.

Warning : Warning alerts the person from danger in regards to certain consequences of actions or handling of tools, machines or equipment’s.

Example : The ironing press it is necessary to adjust the heating knob as per the requirement of the clothes.

Maths Tricks

ʹTerrorism : a global menace’

Write an essay on ʹTerrorism : a global menaceʺ.

Terrorism : a global menace

Introduction : Terrorism is just a word in English, but it is a hazard for mankind. India faces the problems of poverty, population, hunger and illiteracy. But spread of terrorism is the most frightening of all. Be it in the small countries like Ireland and Israel, or in the big ones like Russia and USA, terrorism has become the main challenge to most of the governments today.

Terrorism has been described as ʹthe use of international violence by group or individuals to achieve political goalsʹ, by the experts in U.S.A. In simple words, it is the spread of terror. It has to be remembered that if destruction of people is taken by the behalf of an established government against another country, then it is known as war, not terrorism. It consists of a series of act planned to spread pressure, panic and destruction in a population.

Terrorism is not unthinking violence. Terrorist are very specific for what they want. Terrorist poses the greatest threats to mankind. They know no friends and recognize no rules. Although explosions and stray shooting are terrorist acts, flight hijacking has come to be their most preferred target of spreading terror among the masses of the countries. Previously it was assumed that terrorism in India would be limited to Kashmir only. But this belief has been proved baseless as terrorism has nearly spread all over India. There are many‐ types of terrorist groups depending on what their objectives are.

Terrorism is usually of two kinds : political terrorism which creates panic on a large scale and criminal terrorism which deals in kidnapping to take ransom. Political terrorism is much more dangerous than criminal terrorism as they are well‐trained and itʹs become difficult for law enforcing agencies to arrest them in time. For example‐ hundreds of terrorist are being trained at the Pakistan occupied Kashmir (POK). And in Punjab, there is no doubt that the terrorist are receiving training and weapons from Pakistan. Assam has been the most unstable state in the last few decades. Assam remains the only state in the northeast where terrorism is a major issue. Terrorism is also spread at national level. But the regional terrorism is the most violent of all. This is because the terrorist think that dying in a terrorist act is sacred and holy, so they are willing to do anything. All the terrorist groups are made with different purposes.

Terrorism is a world‐wide problem. By now, the governments throughout the world are realizing that terrorism is a serious threat to dealt with. They believe in the power of bombs and guns over dialogue. Terrorist acts are well‐planned. Every terrorist acts usually takes days and even months of preparation. Terrorist are usually young, but the brain behind them are old, seasoned politicians. Terrorists mostly recruit younger people in their group as it is easy to brainwash them. Freedom is the right to every individual. Our freedom is taken from us when terrorism strikes.

In the recent years, the most powerful country, USA was shocked when Afghanistan based terrorist organizations attacked on it. On September 11, 2001 a disaster took place in the New York City when two hijacked planes were flown straight into the World Trade Centre. 6000 people were killed. The bombing of the World Trade Centre is one of the most deadly terrorist episodes in the world. This violent act of terrorism was mastermind by Al‐ Qaida leader Osama Bin Laden. After this attack, many challenges took place in front of us. Like‐ the old security systems were replaced by new and more complicated (also costly) security systems in airports. And in India, government developed many security measures like making more strict laws (like POTA ‐ Prevention of Terrorist activity Act), cracking down on their centres and keeping an eye from where terrorist receive money. POTA is an anti‐terrorism legislation enacted by the Parliament of India in 2002. This act replaced the Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance (POTO) of 2001. These measures hardly had any effect.

These security measures had no effect on political terrorism but they had decreased criminal terrorism by ten percent. Due to these risks from terrorism, the security at various places like airports, railway stations and government offices are kept tightened.

One of the deadliest terrorist attacks in India was the 1993 Bombay Bombings. It was a series of thirteen bombs that took place in Mumbai. The attacks were the most destructive bomb explosions in the history of India. It is believed that the explosions were in coordinate of Dawood Ibrahim, the leader of a terrorist group which stood in opposition of India.

Conclusion : Terrorism has become a global threat and needs to be controlled from the grass root level to the international level. It is also called that ʹOne personʹs terrorist, another personʹs freedom fighterʹ. This can be explained with the example of Osama Bin Laden. Terrorism cannot be controlled by the law enforcing agencies alone. The world has to unite in order to face this growing threat of terrorism. Let us hope that the world would be free from this hazard very soon. Without terrorism, the world would become a better place to live in.

GK MCQ

Unit 5 Questions Based on English Business Correspondence

Unit 5 Questions Based on English Business Correspondence

In this educational section we are going to share some most important Questions Based on English Business Correspondence and the syllabus prescribed mentioned here: Importance of Business Letters, Parts and Layout; Application, Contents of good Resume, guidelines for writing Resume, Calling/ Sending Quotation, Order, Complaint, E-mail and Tender.

 

          2 MARKS

  1. What is resume? Write the importance of resume?

 Resume is a selective record of an individual’s. It is a written document which summarizes ones’ professional and educational achievements, qualifications, skills, experiences. It should not be longer than two pages. It is needed for a person who is seeking job or any other official work. Since numbers of job seekers and employers are increasing, resumes are needed for applicants to differentiate & distinguish themselves, and prove their suitability for the applied post.

    

  1. How an open punctuation is different from closed punctuation and mixed punctuation?

Punctuation

  1. Open Punctuation: No commas and full stops are used in any part of letter except in the main body. None of the elements (except the main body) of letter is punctuated.
  2. Mixed Punctuation: Comma is put after date, salutation and complimentary close and full stop follows the last line of the inside address.
  3. Closed Punctuation: Each & every element of the letter is punctuated.

Main part of the letter is punctuated.

  1. Define letter of enquiry

Letter of enquiry- The letters that are written for collecting information about job seekers, prices, products, and services before awarding jobs, granting credit, making contracts and giving promotions are known as letters of inquiry. An enquiry letter is also written by a potential customer, on the lookout for a product or with a desire to avail the service offered by a seller or an organization. It is neither a contract nor does it entail any contractual obligation between the two. It is actually a preliminary exercise that may lead to a contract. These letters are written to a third party seeking information about either a job or a company that wishes to make business relationship.

Questions Based on English Business Correspondence

  1. List at least any three complimentary closes. Which and why do you prefer them?

Complimentary closes are the courteous leave taking by which writer ends the letter. The main three complimentary closes are:

Yours sincerely

Yours truly

Yours faithfully

 

4 MARKS

 

  1. Describe in short the information that must be included in a quotation letter.

A quotation letter is a reply / response of any enquiry letter. It plays    important role in business. There are two types of quotation letters one is asking / inviting letter and second is sending letter. While drafting any quotation letter one must consider the following points:

 

  1. One must reply any quotation letter without delay.
  2. Quote the Prices of specific required goods
  3. Do specify the Mode of payment
  4. Mode of transportation
  5. Clearly mention all Terms and conditions
  6. If there are any Offers, discounts, do mention them
  7. And last but not the least mention all the taxes too.

 

  1. Write the importance of ‘You’ attitude in business letter.

You-attitude is a style of writing that places the writer in the position of reader, allowing a clear view of the situation from the reader’s perspective. The writer then communicates in a manner sensitive to the reader’s needs. It is a writing style that emphasizes readers rather than the writer. To write business letter writer should considerate reader’s desires, problems, circumstances, emotions and probable reactions. The written form of any Business letter must be ‘you view point’ instead of ‘I or we view point’ which emphasize reader’s interest and help to win the reader’s mind and attention

 

  1. What are the email writing etiquette?

The basic principles of writing an e-mail are as following:

  1. The tone of your email should always be professional.
  2. Always use proper salutations in your email.
  3. Fill in the subject line with the topic of your email.
  4. No more than two attachments, and provide a logical name.
  5. Send or copy others only on a need to know basis.
  6. Beware of the “reply all.”
  7. Keep it short and get to the point
  8. Know your audience
  9. Always include a signature
  10. Your e-mail is a reflection of you
  11. Respond in a timely fashion
  12. It is unprofessional to send emails with spelling errors, punctuation errors and other types of grammatical or technical mistakes. Such errors make it appear as though you do not possess adequate writing skills. Use the spell check feature of your email program to correct misspelled words, and always proofread your composition before hitting the “Send” button.

Questions Based on English Business Correspondence

  1. Why planning is necessary before writing a business letter?

The Business Letter will be the first impression that you make on someone therefore business letter should be very concise and to the point. Each letter in business writes to meet certain or different objectives It should be specific and accurate. When a letter is well planned there are less chances of anything going wrong. During planning the business the writer must have clear idea of what and how to write and irrelevant point must not be mentioned.

 

7 MARKS

  1. Write a letter and place an order  for the following items with the classic Furniture, New Delhi:

Office chairs                                300

Wooden tables                             200

Steel almirahs                                50

 

PLACING THE ORDER (Semi/ Indented Block Layout)

 

TRIVENI ELECTROICS LTD.

INDORE, M.P.

 

22 Dec, 2015

 

 

The Classic Furniture,

New Delhi.

 

Attention line- Mr. M.N. Shukla(Sales Manager)

 

Subject: Placing the order.

 

Dear Sir

Thank you for your letter no DC/193/2015 on dated…… .

We are pleased to place an order for the following items on the terms and conditions agreed upon. Please send the items and include all the texts in your bill:

 

  1. Item Description                     Quantity
  2.   Office chairs                                300
  3. Wooden tables                             200
  4.  Steel almirahs                               50

 

Please send the items within 20 days of placing the order by the road transport. We shall make the payment by crossed cheque as desired by you soon after the arrival and inspection of the items.

Unit 4 Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills

Unit 4 Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills

In this section we  are serve some most important Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills and these questions based on following syllabus: Planning, Drafting and Editing, Precise Writing, Precis, Technical definition and Technical description. Report Writing: Features of writing a good Report, Structure of a Formal Report, Report of Trouble, Laboratory Report, Progress Report.

  2 MARKS Questions

Q1: What is drafting?

Drafting is a formal document where the formulation of decisions & orders is done in writing form for communication to other. It is one of the important documents in business which plays very important role in day to day work. .

Q2: What is technical writing?

Technical writing is sometimes defined as simplifying the complex. It a form of documentation where processes are described, recorded & analyzed. It is written on the basis of complexity of the term or object. It does not deal with human emotions, sentiments or expressions

Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills

Q3: Define the term ‘definition’.

Definition is a full explanation of a term, process or object. It point outs the essential features which distinguishes it from other objects.

 

Q4: What do you mean by art of condensation?

Summarizing, condensation, or précis writing is an art. It      aims at squeezing the meaning of a text into the fewest words. Condensation means process of making a book shorter by taking out anything that is not necessary. The process of condensation in creative writing is synonymous to précis writing.

 4 MARKS Questions

Q5: What is précis writing? What are the features of a good précis?

A précis is a concise and clear statement of the substance of a longer passage in a connected and readable shape. It must be accurate, brief and clear and in writer’s own word.  It is about one-third of the original. The main features of a good précis are:

  1. find out the central idea or the theme of the passage and separate the major points from the minor ones
  2. Precise is not reproducing a few sentences and deleting others. Precis writing is not the art of selection and deletion, it is the art of modify.
  3. Brevity is the soul of precis writing but not to be achieved at the cost of clarity.
  4. Precis has to be written, as far as possible, in your own words.

Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills

Q6: Write the difference between general writing and technical writing?

  • The aim of General writing is to amusing & inspiring readers.  it includes  drama, novels, poetry etc. But technical writing aims at imparting knowledge, instructions, information & explanation of any technical object. It includes reports, proposals, resumes, manuals, etc.
  • The style of General writings is personal and subjective but technical writings are free from personal style. It is “professional” in tone and style.
  • More familiar and common words are used in general writing and technical writing is full of technical vocabulary.
  • Technical writing is always for a specific audience but general writing  is Not always for a specific audience

Questions Based on English Developing Writing Skills

Q7: What are the characteristics features of an essay?

  • An effective essay is well written and carefully edited in terms of grammar, punctuation, word usage, and spelling.
  • A good essay is organized with an introduction, main body, and conclusion.
  • To write a Good essay, the writer should write main points through careful discussion and by the use of specific details.
  • General is boring; specific is interesting. A good essay includes specific details to support the writer’s explanations

Q8: Define the terms Summary , abstract

Summary-  An overview of content that provides a reader with the overarching theme, but does not expand on specific details.  A summary describes a larger work (such as an entire book, speech, or research project), and should include noticeably less content then the original work. Summaries can save a reader time because it prevents the reader from having to actually go through and filter the important information from the unimportant.

Abstract – An abstract is a brief summary of the most important points in a scientific paper. It is shorter than summary which highlight the principle, scope and implication of the work. After reading the abstract, the reader knows the main points that the authors have to make. If you examine any paper in a professional journal you will see that each paper begins with an abstract. An abstract is published along with research articles in journals or magazines. It is a highly compressed description of the paper itself.

Q9: Give definition of following- Bluetooth, 4G.

Bluetooth

 

Bluetooth is defined as being a short-range radio technology (or wireless technology) aimed at simplifying communications among Internet devices and between devices and the Internet. It also aims to simplify data synchronization between Internet devices and other computers. It describes how mobile phones, computers, and personal digital assistants (PDAs) can be easily interconnected using a short-range wireless connection.

4G

 

4G is the term used to refer to the next wave of high-speed mobile technologies that will be used to replace current 3G networks. The two top contenders are LTE and WiMAX, both of which are IP based networks that are built from similar, yet incompatible, technologies. Sprint and Clear wire are currently offering 4G WiMAX service in the USA, while Verizon and AT&T have committed to the use of LTE and are trailing their own 4G networks. Also known as: “fourth generation”

Q10:   What is a paragraph? Discuss qualities of well written paragraph.

A paragraph is a group of sentences organized around one single idea or topic. It is the Collection & comprised of sentences, but not random sentences, dealing with the central topic. It must contain relevant facts & information about the topic. In fact, the cardinal rule of paragraph writing is to focus on one idea. A well written paragraph takes its readers on a clear path, without deviation.

The four elements essential to good paragraph writing are:

  1. Unity. A paragraph begins with the topic sentence. Every paragraph must have one single idea that is expressed in its topic sentence. A paragraph is integrated around this main idea, with the supporting sentences which providing detail and discussion.
  2. Order. Order refers to the way you organize your supporting sentences. Whether you choose chronological order, order of importance, or another logical presentation of detail, a solid paragraph always has a definite organization. In a well-ordered paragraph, the reader follows along easily, aided by the pattern you’ve established. Order helps the reader grasp your meaning and avoid confusion.
  3. Coherence. Coherence is the quality that makes your writing understandable. Sentences within a paragraph need to connect to each other and work together as a whole. One of the best ways to achieve coherency is to use transition words. These words create bridges from one sentence to the next.
  4. Completeness. Completeness in a paragraph shows when it contents all information which reader needs.  If every sentence in a paragraph clearly and sufficiently supports the main idea, then the paragraph is  called
  5. Write a paragraph on any one: –  Health is wealth or Pollution

 

Health is wealth

To earn wealth one needs to have good health to work with efficiency. The man who is not having a good health spends lot of money on medicines and doctors. He is never cheer­ful. But we have to take precautions for building up a good health. Healthy body is always dependent on the healthy mind. For maintaining good health we should always be away from the bad habits like smoking, drinking and drug addiction. We should have morning walk regularly, light exercise in fresh air and a stroll after dinner. We should not be jealous of others. We should always take balanced and nutritious diet. One should always develop the habits of cleanliness to keep healthy. There is a very common and true saying that Health is Wealth. We should always keep in mind that wealth is wealth however health is the greatest wealth in this world. We should also motivate our kids and children to know something about this common saying using such as simple and easy essays. You can make your kids aware about their health using such simply worded essays.

Unit 3 Questions Based on English Nonverbal Communication and listening skills

Unit 3 Questions Based on English Nonverbal

Communication and listening skills

In this educational section we are going to share some most important questions based on English Nonverbal Communication and listening skills and syllabus are as follows: nonverbal communication, cross cultural communication, communicating through visuals, listening, types of listening, active listening, barriers to listening, improving listening skills.

2 Marks Questions

Q1: What is reading as a process?

Reading is an interactive process that goes on between the reader and the text and gives result in comprehension. It requires skills, strategies, and knowledge to determine the sense of the given text.

 Q2: What are the important features of a good note?

     A note is a piece of writing intended for internal use within the organization.

  1. It should be Complete in all respect
  2. It should be Clear and Concise  by using short, familiar and concrete expressions and words and to the point
  3. Correct- it should be factually correct
  4. Courteous and polite it should express ideas tactfully
  5. Organized properly, it should put ideas in the best order
  6. Visually attractive, it should be made attractive by dividing the note in serially numbered paragraphs, using headings liberally, and keeping the paragraphs of six to ten lines each.

Q3: What do you understand by skimming?

The skimming is one of the methods of reading in which reader reads the content / text superficially. In this method of reading reader gets the silent features of the text. It helps the reader to understand a passage / text briefly.

Q4: What are the steps of reading?

Four basic steps to Effective Reading

  1. First figure out the purpose of reading a particular text.
  2. Spot the parts of the text relevant to the identified purpose & ignore the rest.
  3. Choose the appropriate reading strategy that suits your purpose.
  4. Test or assess your comprehension during reading & also when the reading task in completed.

4 Marks questions

Q5: Write the difference between active and passive reading.

 Active reading is like a discussion between the reader & content

And always involved in questioning. It makes us thinking about what they are reading

In Passive reading reader is not engaged in the material and do not ask questions & not register the information. It pays little attention to identifying & remembering the main idea.

Q6: What are the benefits of effective reading?

The Benefit of Effective Reading are:

  • It can enhance general ability to use other language.
  • It Enhances your vocabulary
  • It Helps us to keep our  mind focused
  • It Helps in building confidence
  • It Gives us pleasure & relaxation
  • It Facilitates the development of various skills; predictions, comparing etc.
  • It Enables us to extract useful information
  • It can provide us with a comprehensible input.

 

Q7: What is the difference between note making and note taking?

 Note making is generating ideas or gathering information and thought from the content you are studding on your own while note taking is putting down points and ideas while a lecture is going on or making point from the speaker. In note making you are more concerned with highlighting information through reading whereas in Note taking means when listening faculty is more active during a class, lecture ,seminar or presentation Note-taking – when we read something for the first time and try to jot down the key information so that we can use it later.

Questions Based on English Nonverbal Communication and listening skills

Q8: What are the features of a good reading comprehension?

Reading Comprehension is a process of quick understanding of the text. It simply means to understand and explain what is present in the passage. It helps to improve our ability to understand the language. The comprehensive skill is in great demand and an important part of various examinations.. The main features of a good reading comprehension are;

7  Marks Questions

Q9: What is SQ3R Reading technique?

Reading is the most crucial skills among all four skills of communication. Effective reading skills are imperative to achieving success in personal as well as professional life. One of the effective reading methods is SQ3R Method. This method of reading helps us to understand the information in such a way that we can use it later at the right place and right occasion. It is a step-by-step strategic approach to learning and studying from textbooks. Because it helps you to discover the important facts and ideas that are contained in your textbook, and master and retain that information so that you are prepared for an examination.

SQ3R is an abbreviation to help you remember the steps and to make references to it simpler. The symbols stand for the steps followed in using the method: Survey, Question, Read, Recite, and Review.

  1. SURVEY: (before class) Read the following: This survey should take no more than 10-25 minutes, even on the longest chapter. The purpose of surveying the chapter is to get a general idea of what it is going to be about, what kind of information the author gives, how many sub-topics the information is broken down into, and how much time you will have to spend reading it.
    • Chapter Title
    • Introduction
    • Objectives
    • Vocabulary
    • Summary
    • Review questions
    • Boldface headings
    • Graphics and their accompanying captions
  2. QUESTION: Turn each boldfaced heading into a question by using one of the following words: who, what, where, when, why, or how. The reason for creating a question out of each heading is to set a purpose for reading the material in more detail. When you are reading to find the answer to a specific question, you are reading actively.
  3. READ: Actively read the section of the text accompanying the heading for an answer to the question you asked yourself in step 2. The answer will usually be made up of the main idea(s) of the paragraph(s) and the supporting details. Read the section to find the answer. The purpose of reading is to find the answer to your question.
  4. RECITE: Recite the answer to each question to yourself. Put the answer into your own words, or rephrase the author’s words. Be sure that you can recall the answer, not just recognize the information as correct. Write the questions in your notebook along with a few key words or phrases that summarize the answer.  The purpose for doing this is to help you think about and understand what you have read. When you rewrite or rephrase what you read, your comprehension and retention will improve.
  5. REVIEW: To review, cover the answers and ask yourself the questions. If you can’t answer the question, look at your notes and test yourself again. Once you are sure you know and understand the question and answer, check it off. The purpose for reviewing is to help you prepare for the eventual test. Remember that very few people read textbooks for pleasure; they are read to acquire information and to remember and apply it in a testing situation. Reviewing helps you remember the information.
Questions Based on English Nonverbal Communication and listening skills

Q10: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

Although the twentieth century saw the rise of women as professional musicians, the majority of composers and performers were, and still are, men. The music industry in the U.S. and Britain overwhelmingly reflects the values of a patriarchal society; the success or failure of a female artist is based largely on her physical appearance and gendered performance style. Blues, rock, and pop began as genres dominated by men, and thus included styles of dress, lyrics, and sound born of a male perspective. The history of these genres, then, is also a history of women seeking to locate their space within a predominately masculine musical environment.

Unit 2 Questions Based on English Communication

Unit 2 Questions Based on English Communication

This section contain some important questions based on English Communication and syllabus are as follows: Introduction, Meaning and Significance, Process of Communication, Oral and Written
Communication, 7 c’s of Communication, Barriers to Communication and Ways to overcome them,
Importance of Communication for Technical students.

 

QUE.1 Write the synonyms of the following words.                                                          MARKS 5

  1. Astonish b) Bliss c) pain  d) humid   e) spontaneous

Answer

  • Cofound, overwhelm
  • Happiness , joy
  • Ache, discomfort
  • Wet, moist
  • Impromptu, unplanned

 QUE.2 Write the antonyms of the following words.                                                              MARKS 5

  1. Fresh , b) coward , c) mean , d) often , e) pardon

 

ANSWERS

  1. Stale
  2. Hero
  3. Kind
  4. Seldom
  5. punish

QUE.3 Give the One word substitute of the following.                                                            MARKS 5

  1. Someone’s life history written by another person- Biography
  2. One who takes pleasure in torturing other – Sadist
  3. A child whose parents are dead- orphan
  4. A woman who never gets married – Spinster
  5. A series of three novels/works of art produced by a writer/artist – Trilogy

QUE .4 Use the following homonyms / homophones in the sentences to understand their clear meanings.                                                                                                                        5   MARKS

  1. a) Write b). Bank      c) Fair      d) Birth       f)  Face

Right         Bank          Fare           Berth        Face

Please—————– our sincerely apologise.( choose appropriate homophones accept, except )

Answers-

  1. A) Why don’t you write a novel?

We have right to speech in India.

  1.       B) We have our account in a government bank.

Banaras city is situated on the bank of holy river the Ganga.

  1. C) She is having fair complexion.

Railways fare is increased once again.

  1. d) She gave birth to a cute baby girl.

There is no vacant berth available.

  1.  Her face is seriously injured in an accident.

We must face our problems of life with confidence.

 

Questions Based on English Communication

 

2-accept

QUE.5 The words by using suffix and/or prefixes.                                                                     MARKS

  1. I couldn’t find any ———— in his theory. (weakness)

(Put the word “weak” into the correct from using prefixes &/or suffixes)

  1. Make sentences by  using prefixes &/or suffixes of the following words

Educate,  Agree  , perfect,   Loud  ,  Danger

 

ANSWER

  1. Education is key to success.
  2. They all disagree on the statement.
  3. We answered all the queries
  4. He always speaks so
  5. Smoking is dangerous to health.

Questions Based on English Communication

QUE.6 Correct the following sentences and rewrite.                                              MARKS 5

  1. Myself is going to the college. (Correction – I am going to college)
  2. I met the real estate agent sold us our house. ( I met the real estate agent who sold us our house.
  3. I am writing letters all the morning. ( I have been writing letters all the morning)
  4. He cleverly turned to table on his opponent ( he cleverly turned the table o his opponent)
  5. He prevented him to smoke. ( he prevented him from smoking)

 

CET

Unit 1 Questions Based on English Grammar

Unit 1 Questions Based on English Grammar

Important questions based on English Grammar from following Unit 1: Applied Grammar and usage, Parts of Speech, Articles, Tenses, Subject-Verb Agreement, Prepositions, Active and Passive Voice, Reported Speech: Direct and Indirect, Sentence Structure, Punctuation. Vocabulary Development: Using Dictionary and Thesaurus, Synonym, Antonym,
Homophones.

 

QUE. 1  what is punctuation? What do you understand by “open punctuation”?     MARKS 2        Punctuation is an indicators used in a written text.  The punctuation marks helps to separate sentences or its parts of a sentences form another. The open punctuation means

 

 QUE.2  Change the narrations.                                                                              MARKS 4

  1. He says, “I am busy”.
  2. He requested me not to leave him alone.
  3. He said to me, “I have often told you not to play with fire”
  4. The teacher said, “I am busy today”.

Questions Based on English Grammar

ANSWERS- 1.  He says that he is busy

  1. He said, please not to leave me alone.
  2. He told me that he had often warned me not to play with fire.
  3. The teacher said that she was busy that day.

QUE -2  Fill in the blanks                                                                                        MARKS 5

  1. Insert missing possessives form.

She makes all ——– own clothes——.

  1. Each of the scholars——- done well. (Has or have)
  2. ——— do you wish to see. (Who or whom)
  3. Supply the appropriate preposition-

Do you want to speak ——- regarding anything?

  1. He is a great doctor. He is not a good human being. (Join the sentences by using suitable conjunction.)

ANSWERS-( 1- her , herself , 2- has , 3- whom, 4- to , 5- but )

 

QUE 3- Do as directed:                                                                                        MARKS 7

  1. Transform the following into an exclamatory sentence-

It is a horrible night.

  1. Write the following sentence with the given adverb-

I go to pictures.  (Often)

  1. Rewrite the following sentence, using ‘enough to’.

You are quite old now; you ought to know better.

  1. Supply a verb in agreement with its subject-

Knowledge of the modern languages———- essential these days.

  1. A committee will ( look into/ look for) the scandal.
  2. Supply the appropriate preposition-

He is indebted – his friend.

  1. Some people don’t know how to react to a ——( complement/compliment)

 

ANSWERS-

  1. What a horrible night it is!
  2. I often go to pictures.
  3. You are old enough to know better.
  4. Knowledge of the modern languages is essential these days.
  5. A committee will look into the scandal.
  6. He is indebted to his friend.
  7. Some people don’t know how to react to a compliment

Questions Based on English Grammar

QUE 4.  Select appropriate grammatical structure for the each blank.              MARKS 2

  1. Maps are used to show geographical distribution—————-
  2. By data b) from data c) of data.
  3. To err is ————-
  4. Human being b) humane   c) human

 

QUE 5- Do as directed:                                                                     5 MARKS

 

  1. The dog jump (into/onto) the lake.
  2. She does not like mangoes.
  3. We must work, or we cannot be happy( change into simple sentence)
  4. Add ‘a’ , ‘an’, some, or ‘the’ where necessary
  5. a) There is ____ fly in—– lemonade.
  6. b) ——- sugar on the table is from Cuba.
  7. c) ———- athlete should follow a well-balanced diet.
  8. d) French is ——- easy language.

 

ANSWER

  1. The dog jump into the lake.
  2. Mangoes are not liked by her.
  3. Simple sentences- we must work to be happy.
  4. (a) a , the (b) the (c) an (d) an

 

QUES 5  Changes the voices                                                                        MARKS 5

  1. The father explained them the exercise. (Change the voice)
  2. Post the letter. (Change the voice)
  3. The government has sent him a message. (Change the voice)
  4. The book is being read by the most of the class. (Change the voice if required)
  5. We admire the brave.

 

ANSWERS-

  1. The exercises were explained to them by the father.
  2. The letter is posted/ let the letter be posted
  3. A message has been sent to him by the government.
  4. In Passive
  5. The brave are admired.

Questions Based on English Grammar

.QUE 6. Do as directed:                                                                                      MARKS 2

  1. When I ———– him, he ————————-badminton. (Use correct form of tense using – see, play)  (SAW , WAS PLAYING )
  2. ———- teaching, Ankit also does English coaching. (Use preposition)(Besides)

 

QUE 7. Do as directed:                                                                             MARKS  4

  1. The number of tigers in the country——————decreasing. (Is/ are) (are)
  2. One of my sisters (is/are) going on a trip.(is)
  3. One of the students said,’ (A/AN/THE) professor is late today. (the)
  4. She always (cook) in the morning (supply the correct tense). (cooks)

QUE 8. Do as directed:                                                                             MARKS  5

  1. He showed me the greatest respect. (CHNGE THE VOICE)
  2. The boy is climbing the cliff. CHNGE THE VOICE)
  3. Do you have (some/any) food? (Use appropriate adjective)
  4. When we reached the station, the train—– already……. (use correct form of verb ‘ leave)
  5. Statistics are a very scoring subject.(correct the sentence)

ANSWER

  1. The greatest respect was showed to me.
  2. The cliff is being climbed by the boy
  3. Some
  4. Had , left
  5. Statistics is a very scoring subject.

QUE 9. Do as directed:                                                                             MARKS  10

  1. Loud/ loudly He cleared his throat. (Use correct adverb). (loudly)
  2. Identify parts of speech in the different usage of underlined word;
    1. They arrived soon after. (———–adverb)
    2. They arrived after (————-pronoun)
    3. They arrived after we had left. (—–conjunction)
  3. (Its/ it’s) my duty to serve my parents. (Use correct pronoun) (it’s)
  4. Everyone has come, (hasn’t he/ haven’t they)? (Use correct pronoun) ( haven’t they)
  5. Find the Transitive & Intransitive verb:

a). some animals run ( run- intransitive)

b). I heard a story. (Heard- transitive)

  1. Make the following sentence negative-
  2. a) He comes here every day. (He does not come here every day)

7.. “You shall come back by eleven,” my father told me. (Change the narration)

(My father advised/asked me to come back by eleven.)

  1. Someone has found the boy the people wanted.

The boy that the people wanted has been found.

  1. How do people learn languages?

How the languages are learnt by the people.

  1. I  first met him (A/AN/THE) year ago.(A)